Amanda Miller's Curriculum Vitae
My research generally focuses on the interaction between phonetics and phonology, especially with respect to C-V coarticulation in African Languages.
My dissertation research focused on the acoustics and phonotactics of Ju|'hoansi guttural consonants and vowels. The Acoustic case study showed the voice quality cues associated with guttural consonants and vowels are the acoustic bases of the Guttural OCP constraint found in the language.
Another focus of my research is the articulatory properties of two classes of click consonants, those that involve tongue root retraction and those that do not. Ultrasound studies (standard, 30 fps) on these clicks in N|uu have shown that tongue body shape and tongue root shape are important to this contrast. I have also studied a class of clicks that were previously thought to illustrate a contrast in the posterior constriction. My studies have shown that they do not contrast in posterior place of articulation. I have analyzed these segments as airstream contours, a new type of segment. My research on the endangered Southern African language N|uu, undertaken in collaboration with Bonny Sands and Johanna Brugman under the auspices of my NSF grant, has described the entire inventory of 103 N|uu sounds.
I have developed the CHAUSA (Corrected High frame rateAnchored Ultrasound with Software Alignment) method that is capable of recording images of the majority of the tongue at frame rates of 147 fps and higher. The method allows quantitative comparison of dynamic sounds like complex consonants. I am currently working on quantitative analysis of clicks in the Kx’a language family (formerly known as the Northern branch of the Khoisan language family). I am studying the production of the four recognized click types in Mangetti Dune !Xung, as well as two new click types – the laminal, noisy, post-alveolar click type found in Ekoka !Xung, and the retroflex click type found in Grootfontein !Xung. Current research has shown that the main rarefaction gesture found in all click types is tongue body lowering. However, the rarefaction gestures found in different click types are unique. Clicks that do not co-occur with front vowels involve tongue root retraction during their releases, while those that do co-occur with front vowels, involve no tongue dorsum and tongue root retraction.
I have taught both undergraduate and graduate level courses in phonetics, field methods, and graduate level seminars at Cornell University, the University of British Columbia, and The Ohio State University. I have also taught undergraduate Phonology. I have taught graduate level seminars on The Acoustics of Voice Quality, Feature theory and the mapping between phonetic attributes and phonological features (co-taught with Bruce Moren), and Speech sounds: their phonetic variability and phonologicalorganization (co-taught with Draga Zec) at Cornell University, as well as a seminar on The Phonetics of African languages at the University of British Columbia. In the spring quarter 2011, I taught a seminar on Articulatory Field Methods at The Ohio State University.
I have taught Field Methods on Khoekhoe (a Namibian Khoe language, co-taught with Chris Collins) during Fall 2003, Kabyle Berber (co-taught with Franca Ferrari-Bridges) during Spring 2006, and Mampruli (a Gur language spoken in Northern Ghana) during Spring 2014.
I have taught Phonetic Field Methods at all three African Linguistics Schools that were held in Accra, Ghana (2009), Porto Novo, Benin (2011) and Ibadan, Nigeria (2013). Stay tuned for the next ALS, which is scheduled to be held in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, in 2015.
I will be teaching an intensive Field Methods course on the Bantu language Enya at CoLang 2014.
My graduate student, Johanna Brugman, completed her thesis on Khoekhoe phonetics and phonology, called "Segments,tones and distribution in Khoekhoe prosody", in 2009.
Vicki Krebs also completed her B.A. thesis on Mangetti Dune !Xung fricatives, which anlalyzes fricatives that occur in different word positions in the language, titled “An Articulatory and Acoustic Description of Word Initial and Word Medial Fricatives and Approximants in Mangetti Dune !Xung”.
Miller A. (2011).The Representation of Clicks In Marc van Oostendorp, Colin Ewen, Elizabeth Hume, and Keren Rice, eds.Companion
Miller, A. and Finch,K. (2011) Corrected High frame rate Anchored Ultrasound with Software Alignment. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research 54,2, 471-486. Copyright 2011 by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Miller,A. (2010). Tongue Body and Tongue Root Shape Differences in N|uu clicks Correlate with Phonotactic Patterns In Suzanne Fuchs, Martine Toda and Marzena Zygis, Eds.Turbulent Sounds: An Interdisciplinary Guide, Interface Explorations, : Mouton de Gruyter.
Miller, A. (2010). Khoisan Languages and Linguistics: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium January 4-8, 2003, Riezlern/Kleinwalsertal (Brenzinger, M. and Konig, C., Eds.), Koeln: Ruediger Koeppe Verlag, 40-73.
Miller, A., Brugman, J., Sands, B., Namaseb, L., Exter, M., and Collins, C. (2009).Differences in Airstream and Posterior Place of Articulation among N|uu Lingual Stops. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 39.2., 129-161. Click here to hear the 103 Sounds of N|uu
Miller, A., Scott, A., Sands, B. and Shah, S. (2009).Rarefaction Gestures and Coarticulation in Mangetti Dune !Xung clicks. In M. Uther, R. Moore & S. Cox, Eds., Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2009). Causal Productions: Brighton, U.K, Pp. 2279-2282.
Miller, A. and Shah, S. (2009) The Acoustics of Mangetti Dune !Xung Clicks In M. Uther, R. Moore & S. Cox, Eds.,Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2009). Causal Productions: Brighton, U.K., Pp. 2283-2286.
Hudu, F. Miller, A. and Pulleyblank, D. (2009). Ultrasound imaging and theories of tongue root phenomena in African languagesProceedings of the Conference on Language Documentation and Linguistic Theory 2. P. Austin, O. Bond, M. Charette, D. Nathan and P. Sells, Eds. SOAS: London, Pp. 153-163.
Miller, A. (2008). Click Cavity Formation and Dissolution in IsiXhosa: Viewing Clicks with High-Speed Ultrasound. In Sock, R., Fuchs, S. & Y. Laprie, Eds., Proceedings of the 8th International Seminar on Speech Production, December 2008, pp. 137-140.
Miller, A.,Brugman, J., Sands, B., Namaseb, L., Exter, M. and Collins, C. (2007). The Sounds of N|uu: Place and Airstream Contrasts. In Lee, H.S. and Pittyaporn, P., Eds., Working papers of the Cornell Phonetics Laboratory 19.
Miller, A. and Zec. (2003). Acoustics of contrastive palatal affricates predicts phonological patterningProceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (Trouvain, J and Barry, W., Eds.), Pirrot GmbH, Dudweiler, Germany, 769-772.
Miller-Ockhuizen, A (1999).C-V Coarticulation and Complex Consonants: Evidence for Ordering in click place gestures. In Fujimura, Osamu, Brian Joseph and Bohumil Polek, Eds. Proceedings of LP '98: Item Order in Language and Speech. Prague: Charles University Press.
Miller-Ockhuizen, A. (1999). Reduplication in Ju|'hoansi: Tone determines weight. In Tamanji, P., Hirotani, M. and Hall, N. Eds. Proceedings of NELS 29, Volume One. Amherst: Graduate Linguistics Student Association.
Miller-Ockhuizen, A. (1998). Towards a Unified Decompositional Analysis of Khoisan Lexical Tone. In Schladt, Mathias, Ed. Language, Identity and Conceptualization among the Khoisan.Cologne: Rudiger Koppe Verlag, pp. 217-244.