What is computational linguistics and language technology?
Computational linguistics is the interdisciplinary study of language phenomena
from a computational perspective. The goal of computational linguistics is to
model human language either for theoretical or applied purposes. Applications of
computational linguistics include programs/systems to:
- translate documents from one language to another,
- detect and correct grammar and spelling errors,
- automatically recognize and/or produce spoken language,
- search and retrieve documents or information,
- facilitate language learning, and
- many, many others!
Good places to start if you want to learn more about this field:
- A description of computational linguistics from Wikipedia.
about natural language processing from newsgroup comp.ai.nat-lang
- If you want to see which universities offer courses in CLLT, there is a very
comprehensive recent Summary of NLP Courses around the world
at the ACL website
AI Topics website at AAAI also has some good basic information.